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May 13, 2021

Who should get vaccinated for COVID-19?

The answers on this site were developed with and vetted by the CDC

In the United States, everyone age 12 and over is currently eligible to get a COVID-19 vaccination. CDC recommends that everyone in this group get vaccinated against COVID-19 as soon as they can.

Studies show that COVID-19 vaccines are effective at keeping people from getting COVID-19. Getting a COVID-19 vaccine will also help keep people from getting seriously ill even if they do get COVID-19.

Widespread vaccination is a critical tool to protect against COVID-19 and help stop the pandemic.


Tyeese Gaines -- Why Get The Vax | COVID-19 Vaccine Education Initiative
If you’re ready to get vaccinated, get up-to-date information on locations near you.

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What if I have an underlying health condition?

People with underlying medical conditions can receive the FDA-authorized COVID-19 vaccines. In fact, vaccination is especially important for adults of any age with certain underlying medical conditions, like diabetes and high blood pressure, because they are at increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19. Ask your doctor if you have specific questions.

People who have autoimmune conditions and who have previously had Guillain-Barre syndrome or Bell’s palsy may receive a COVID-19 vaccine.


More about underlying conditions (CDC)
Are vaccines safe for children?

Yes. COVID-19 vaccines have been administered under the most intensive monitoring in U.S. history. Safety studies have included adolescents, and show the vaccines are safe for this age group.

Although fewer children have been infected with COVID-19 than adults, children can be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19, can get sick from COVID-19, and can spread COVID-19 to others.

CDC recommends COVID-19 vaccination for everyone 12 years of age and older to help protect against COVID-19. If you have questions or concerns about vaccinating your child, it's important to talk to your child's pediatrician.

At this time, people over 12 years of age are eligible to receive the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, but those younger than 12 years of age are not. People younger than 18 years of age are not authorized to receive either the Moderna or Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccines.

Covid-19 Vaccines for Children and Teens (CDC)
What should I know about vaccines and pregnancy?

CDC and the FDA have safety monitoring systems in place to gather information about COVID-19 vaccination during pregnancy and are closely monitoring that information. Preliminary data from these systems are reassuring. They did not identify any safety concerns for pregnant people who were vaccinated, or for their babies.

Recent reports have shown that people who have received COVID-19 mRNA vaccines during pregnancy—mostly during their third trimester—have passed antibodies to their fetuses, which could help protect them after birth. There is currently no evidence that antibodies formed from COVID-19 vaccination cause any problems with pregnancy, including the development of the placenta. There is also no evidence suggesting that fertility problems are a side effect of any FDA-authorized vaccine. Like with all vaccines, scientists are studying COVID-19 vaccines carefully for side effects and will report findings as they become available.

Getting a COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy can protect you from severe illness from COVID-19. A conversation between pregnant patients and their clinicians may help them decide whether to get vaccinated.

Myths and facts about COVID-19 (CDC)
Should young adults get vaccinated?

CDC recommends that everyone age 12 and older in the United States get vaccinated against COVID-19 as soon as they can. Studies show that COVID-19 vaccines are effective at keeping people from getting COVID-19. Getting a COVID-19 vaccine will also help keep people from getting seriously ill even if they do get COVID-19.

Although most people who contract COVID-19 get better within weeks to months of illness, some do not. CDC and experts around the world are working to learn more about short- and long-term health effects associated with COVID-19, who gets them, and why. People with long COVID report experiencing different combinations of symptoms such as tiredness or fatigue, difficulty thinking or concentrating (sometimes referred to as “brain fog”), headache, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath, or loss of smell or taste.


More on long term effects of COVID-19
Should I get a vaccine if I have had COVID-19?

Yes, health experts recommend getting vaccinated regardless of whether you have already had COVID-19. At this time, experts are still learning how long you are protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. Even if you have already recovered from COVID-19, it is possible—although rare—that you could be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 again. If you’ve had COVID-19 in the past 90 days, talk to your doctor about when you should get vaccinated.

Benefits of getting a COVID-19 vaccine (CDC)